MORENO PIVETTI ARCHITECTURE

Conferences

The rehabilitation of the rural productive fabric between memory and continuity

Esempi realizzati: da un osservatorio di architetti

Architetto Moreno Pivetti

Abstract

The territory wounded by the earthquake swarm of May 2012 is characterized by a dynamic plasticity of the heritage operating at various levels, overlapping and sometimes intersecting. On the one hand, a capillary manufacturing of small and medium-sized enterprises widely identifies the urban peripheries, representing, in some ways, the dominant matrix. The other face of the Emilian production reality, on the other hand, is given by a multitude of agricultural companies that operate on the open territoty, maintaining it and shaping it according to the flow of the seasons. Over time, working and land has matured settlement matrices that have settled into real ‘document.structures’, whose main buildings are given by the rural courts, aggregations of bloks specialized for single functions.

Following the earthquake, an effective regulatory sistem regulating the reconstruction criteria is saving the rural productive fabric and not from the archeology archives, rehabilitating and renewing it.

In the present lecture some case studies carried out or in the process of being completed are presented, representative of the situations that have arisen, related to different levels of damage and constraint conditions. Each specific situation guided the design intervention, with the aim of adapting the buildings to the anti-seismic legislation but also to the needs of contemporary work and living.

Thus, in the face of consistent damage levels and structures of little architectural importance, the reconstruction of the building was opted, even in the presence of landscape constraints, better inserted in the reference context and equipped with more flexible spaces for today’s production dynamics.

In the presence of buildings subject to the constraint of “rural building” or of “particular historical-architectural and testimonial value”, however, the intervention has restored the

enveloppe, preserving its documentary value, without however renouncing where possible a new internal configuration, adaptable and flexible to use.

In general, every seismic event relentlessly presents the following dilemma: to reconstruct “how it was and where it was”? With a spirit of adaption or counterposition, imitation or contrast? The reflection is opea: to reconstruct and/or transform but, above all, to preserve and reinterpret the cultural values of the territoty, so that man does not erase what did not destroy the earthquake.

Il territorio ferito dallo sciame sismico del maggio 2012 è caratterizzato da una dinamica plasticità del costruito operante a vari livelli, sovrapposti e talvolta intersecantisi. Da un lato, una capillare manifattura di piccole e medie imprese sigla diffusamente le periferie urbane, rappresentandone, per certi versi, la matrice dominante. L’altro volto della realtà produttiva emiliana, invece, è dato da una moltitudine di imprese agricole che operano sul territorio aperto, manutenendolo e plasmandolo in base al fluire delle stagioni. L’operare sulla terra ha col tempo maturato matrici insediative sedimentatesi in vere e proprie ‘strutture-documento’, le cui emergenze precipue sono date dalle corti rurali, aggregazioni di blocchi specializzati per singole funzioni.

A seguito del sisma, un efficace tessuto normativo regolante i criteri della ricostruzione sta salvando il tessuto produttivo rurale e non dagli archivi dell’archeologia, riabilitandolo e rinnovandolo.

Nel presente intervento sono esposti alcuni casi studio realizzati o in corso di ultimazione, rappresentativi delle situazioni presentatesi, rapportate a diversi livelli di danno e condizioni di vincolo. Ciascuna specifica situazione ha guidato l’intervento progettuale, con l’obiettivo di adeguare gli edifici alla normativa antisismica ma anche alle esigenze del lavoro e dell’abitare contemporanei.

 

Moreno Pivetti

Moreno Pivetti

The rehabilitation of the rural productive fabric between memory and continuity