The Reconstruction Governance. International approach and case study in the world

Esempi realizzati: da un osservatorio di architetti

Architetto Moreno Pivetti


Over time, each State exposed to seismic risk has developed different reconstruction methods, norms and practices, which inevitably suffer from its own political and socio-economic context. However, countries almost at the antipodes in terms of history, culture and geography, in terms of reconstruction are united by a ‘top-down’ type of Governance – from top to bottom – where the State has been able to centralize both the management od funds, largely aimed at public development and reconstruction, both the programming and planning of interventions.

There is also a further aspect of considerable importance that characterizes the post-earthquake scenario: the involvement of the Community and local administrations in the reconstruction process, necessary to activate the decentralization of Governance suggested by the criticalities generated by the ‘top-down’ models.

While the State and the supra-local actors have the economic resources and the know-how to reactivate an organic reconstruction process, the local actors have the knowledge of the places and the right to be architects of their own future.

The Community should not be understood as the sum of the beneficiaries of the reconstructive schedule, but rather in its ability to interact with bodies and institutions in the regeneration of the context.

Reconstruction should not be conceived exclusively as an act of reaction to the disaster, but also as a strategic process functional to the regeneration of the territory.

Although the bearer of a multilevel crisis, the earthquake is a parenthesis in a stratified territorial process, the result of the co-evolution of man with nature, Which once the reconstruction phase is over will resume its course. Once the first emergency phase has been overcome, the territoty must be rethought and designed according to a holistic approach, which sees local and supra-local actors dialogue in a participatory form.

The syncretic approach that sees the involvement of the Community requires a hybridization with local planning, so as to include all the actors and voices of planning.

Aravena observes: “The most delicate issue of a reconstruction is the coordination of different resources and differente interventions. The important thing is to understand that people affected by the earthquake should not expect answers, but questions that need to be interpreted in the light of technical knowledge. You can get out of a tragedy by reinventing yourself, preserving the good  that the territory had expressed and also activating new conquests”-


Moreno Pivetti

Moreno Pivetti

The Reconstruction Governance. International approach and case study in the world